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Generally, Microsoft windows operating system has 4 kinds of file system formats as NTFS, FAT, FAT32 and exFAT. Each file system format has different limitation for accessing one single file.

There are two following steps to help you analyze your problem:

1. Please check your file system format first

2. Please check if your files size fit limitation. If your file system format is FAT32, the limitation of one single file is 4GB; if your file system format is FAT,

    the limitation of one single file is  2GB.

3. If your single file size more than 4GB, please formatting your memory card to NTFS or exFAT file systems.

 

 

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Please Insert the CF card to the CF-To-IDE interface, if it is fixed disk mode, it will show "Hard Disk Drives"; if it is a removable disk mode, it will show "Removable Disk."

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ECC (Error correcting Code) is a method used to detect and correct errors introduced during storage or transmission of data.

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Industrial CF

1.           Operating temperature between -40°C to 85°C.

2.           Flash chip types; Use SLC (Single Level Cell).

 

Commercial CF

1.           Operating temperature between 0°C to 70°C.

2.           Flash chip types; generally use MLC (Multi Level Cell) except for high-end models.

 

 

 

Industrial CF

Commercial CF

Operating temperature

-40°C to 85°C

0°C to 70°C

Flash chip types

Use SLC

Generally use MLC

 

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PIO (Programmed Input/Output), is an old method transferring memory over IDE/ATA interface. The technique of a PIO involves is using the CPU, the drawback is that the CPU must mediate the transfer of data. But it’s advantageous for the earlier designs machine because hardware implementation is simpler and adequate for devices that require low transfer rates.

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DMA (Direct Memory Access), the transfer technique does not involve the CPU. The involved components move data directly to and from RAM, bypassing the CPU. Moreover, DMA can also be divided in two types, which are Multi-word DMA and Ultra DMA. The main difference between these two models is that Ultra DMA can serve faster data transfer speeds than Multi-word.

 

 

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There are several possibilities:

1.   If the power cord was inserted in the wrong direction, it will cause VCC and GND short circuit. And then Mini IDE will fail to work.

2.  There was a power surge.

3.  The specific IxNxxx-xA Mini IDE design with power supply via IDE slot on motherboard, it is no need to connect extra power supply. Please make sure, don’t connect external power cord to IxNxxx-xA Mini IDE device.

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Yes, Pretec Mini IDE can be used as a bootable device. It has full capabilities and functions as a standard hard drive.

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The IEMxxxMB-CP series support operating temperature is 0~70.

The IEMxxxMB-LR series support operating temperature is -20~85.

The IEMxxxMB-LR series support operating temperature is -40~85.

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Pro series SSD has better performance for small size data access and writes speed compared to Elite series SSD. Therefore, Pro series SSD is recommended for use in operating system installation purpose.

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ATA Flash cards

1.           Can be used interchangeably between any computer that supports the ATA or IDE. Computer that supports the ATA or IDE standard are independent of the host or operating system that it is used.

2.           No need for FFS (Flash File System) or FTL (Flash Translation Layer) special software drivers.

Linear Flash cards

1.           Linear Flash cards will work only on computers that have the same FFS System (Flash Filing System) Interoperability is limited.

2.           Requires FFS (Flash File System) or FTL (Flash Translation Layer) software drivers for performance and compatibility and different versions of FFS or FTL drivers are not always compatible with different systems.

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ATA Flash Card

SRAM

Speed

Relatively slow write cycle than SRAM

Faster access time

Data Retain

High data security – nonvolatile device

Lower data security – due to a potential battery failure will cause the loss of all data.

Power Consumption

Lower power consumption (dual voltage 3.3/5V flash devices are available)

SRAM is commonly operating at 5V environments

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·         Rugged design
No moving parts, or rotating disks to wear out. In addition, Flash memory cards can withstand extremely harsh conditions such as, extreme heat or cold temperatures.

·         Low Power Requirements
All cards support 3.3V and 5V systems to operate efficiently in applications with a need for low power requirements..

·         Non-volatile
Does not need a battery or constant power supply to retain data indefinitely.

·         Simultaneous read and write capability
Offers faster access time in comparison to a typical rotating disk drive application.

·         Noiseless
Flash memory cards offer noiseless performance in comparison to hard disk drives, or floppies.

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Pretec Flash memory cards can be utilized in notebooks, networking systems, industrial control equipment, telecommunications equipment, PDA, Handheld Personal Computers, wireless communications, and medical/ health equipment applications. Pretec ATA Flash memory card published in order to satisfy the consumer demand for flash memory in consumer electronics.

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PC Cards (Linear Flash or SRAM) provide a type of memory on the card called Attribute memory. In which CIS card information is stored and where configuration registers are mapped. This information is later accessed by the PCMCIA framework during configuration and evaluated against platform hardware to determine the most appropriate configuration options for the card.

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The following steps will show you how to use SRAM card under Windows XP:

1.           Please update your Windows XP to Service Pack 3.

2.           Insert the SRAM card into the PC Card slot

3.           Your computer will detect your SRAM card as PCMCIA MTD-0000. The driver will be installed automatically.

If driver is not automatically installed via above procedures, please follow the below instructions:

1.           When the 'Hardware Wizard' appears, select 'Install from a list or specific location (advanced)', and then click 'Next'.

2.           Select 'Don't search I will choose the driver to install', and click 'Next'.

3.           Scroll through the list of choice and select 'PCMCIA and Flash memory devices'.

4.           Click 'Next'.

5.           Double click 'generic' under the Manufacturer listing.

6.           Select 'Generic PCMCIA Memory Card' from the Model listing, and click 'Next'.

7.           Click the 'Yes' button when the warning dialog appears, to dismiss it.

8.           Click 'Finish' when the 'Completing the found new hardware wizard' dialog appears.

9.           Restart Computer.

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Microsoft Windows operating systems do not support  FLASH file system (FFS) format, therefore the Linear Flash cards will not be recognized under Windows operating system. Linear Flash cards can be work only on computer that supports same FFS format.

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